“Natural gas is hemispheric. I like to call it hemispheric in nature because it is a product that we can find in our neighborhoods,” said George W. Bush, an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Natural gas is the purest fossil fuel available on earth. It is greener than oil and coal due to lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit, cheaper per unit of energy, and more readily available in large quantities in the country. However, the use of natural gas as a primary energy source in the United States is limited due to a number of political, infrastructure, price, and other constraints.
Natural gas is formed in the earth’s crust through the transformation of organic matter by heat and pressure from the upper rock. Gaseous hydrocarbons can also be produced from the microbial decomposition of organic matter and from the reduction of mineral salts. Some of these gases are released into the atmosphere or hydrosphere, others accumulate in the upper layers of the Earth’s crust.
Natural gas can be used in a variety of ways to reduce the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere because it emits fewer harmful pollutants and increased reliance on natural gas has the potential to reduce emissions of many of these harmful pollutants.
Here are some of the advantages of using natural gas as a fuel:
Of the many fossil fuels available on planet earth, natural gas is the cleanest. It is considered clean because, unlike other gases, natural gas releases far fewer by-products than pollutants into the atmosphere. This makes the air we breathe cleaner.
- Natural gas is a clean fuel. It is less polluting than coal, gasoline, or diesel because it emits less carbon dioxide.
- Can be easily stored and transported through pipes.
- It is relatively more abundant than other fossil fuels such as coal and oil.
- It is also a safer fuel because it is lighter than air and will dissolve rather than explode.
- Provides instant energy so it is used when cooking in the oven as no preheating is required.
There are two types of natural gas that are most widely used everywhere, namely CNG and LPG.
Compressed natural gas:
CNG, also known as compressed natural gas, is environmental-friendly and can be used as an alternative to gasoline. CNG fuel is made by compressing natural gas (methane) to less than 1% by volume and is safer than gasoline and diesel because it is non-toxic and does not pollute groundwater. This natural gas is the same gas you use every day to heat your home and water, cook on the stovetop, and even dry your clothes in the dryer. The use of CNG fuel is becoming increasingly popular in both commercial and non-commercial vehicles.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas:
LPG is a non-renewable resource consisting of various hydrocarbon compounds, mainly propane and butane, which are odorless and colorless gases at room temperature. Therefore, LPG will also be odorless if manufacturers don’t add the unpleasant odor we know. This is for safety reasons: LPG is non-toxic, but inhaling large amounts can cause seizures, but is highly flammable.
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