Treatment of alcoholism: methods. Treatment of alcoholism in stationary and in a closed ward

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tment of alcoholism: outpatient therapy or in a closed ward

1. Treatment of alcoholism in a drug addiction clinic

Psychotherapy related to the treatment of alcoholism should be initiated in drug addiction clinics. It is conducted 2-3 times a week in the afternoon. The first, basic stage of psychotherapy lasts 4-6 months. In drug addiction clinics, families of alcoholics, i.e. co-addicts, are also helped.

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2. Treatment of alcoholism in the day hospital

You can also go to the outpatient treatment of alcoholism in day care units. Classes are held 5 times a week from 8 to 14. The basic stage of therapy lasts 8 weeks. They are not a good solution for all forms of outpatient treatment. Some are too far from drug addiction clinics or find it difficult to abstain, e.g. for social reasons (everyone in the family drinks). They can benefit from treatment in 24-hour wards for 6-8 weeks. However, they have to wait from several to several weeks for admission (persons legally obliged to undergo treatment for up to several months).

3. Treatment of alcoholism in the withdrawal syndrome treatment unit

However, patients are admitted to abstinence treatment units immediately, because their lives are at risk. Hospitalization takes 7-10 days. After completing the basic stage of therapy, patients are referred for treatment continuation to drug addiction clinics and to self-help groups of anonymous alcoholics and abstinence clubs.

Psychotherapy is the cornerstone of treating alcoholism

Despite the advances in pharmacology, psychotherapy is the most important form of treatment. The task of drug addiction treatment specialists is first of all to make the patient aware of his problem and to motivate him to therapy, which is not easy. Addicts often deny their heavy drinking, and if they admit it, they find many reasons why they cannot change it. They do not want to part with alcohol, which is why it is so important to motivate the patient to abstain or at least limit their drinking. For this purpose, the therapist creates the so-called moral dissonances.

They make it clear that addiction is in opposition to what is the greatest value for an addict (professional position, fatherhood), it destroys dreams and plans. Moral dissonance makes the sick person realize that he drinks against himself, not the whole world. Then the therapist tries to awaken the patient’s readiness for change and advises how to carry it out. From many different ways, he chooses those that are possible for a specific person.


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