April 25, 2024
WASHINGTON (AP) — Federal Reserve governor Philip Jefferson said Friday that inflation remains too high and there has been “little progress” made toward bringing it down to the central bank’s 2% target, a pessimistic assessment given signs in a report earlier this week that price increases might be slowing. Jefferson, who was nominated by President […]

WASHINGTON (AP) — Federal Reserve governor Philip Jefferson said Friday that inflation remains too high and there has been “little progress” made toward bringing it down to the central bank’s 2% target, a pessimistic assessment given signs in a report earlier this week that price increases might be slowing.
Jefferson, who was nominated by President Joe Biden earlier Friday to the position of Fed vice chair, also said in a speech at the Hoover Institution in California that the turmoil in the U.S. financial system following the failure of three large banks will likely have only a limited impact on the economy.
Jefferson’s potential elevation to the No. 2 spot on the Fed’s seven-member board would give him substantial influence over interest rate policy and make him a close colleague of Chair Jerome Powell.
While inflation has declined from its June peak by about 2.75 percentage points to 4.2% in March, compared with a year ago, Jefferson said that “nearly all” of the decline stemmed from falling energy and food prices.
“The bad news is that there has been little progress on core inflation,” he said. Core prices exclude the volatile food and energy categories and are considered to be a better measure of underlying inflation.
Jefferson also cited a closely watched metric often cited by Powell, which tracks the prices of services, from medical care to dining out, while excluding energy and housing costs. That measure “has not shown much sign of slowing,” Jefferson said.
After the Fed’s most recent policy meeting last week, the central bank suggested in a statement that it could pause its interest rate increases at its next meeting in June, after lifting its key rate 10 times in a row. The hikes are intended to slow spending, growth, and inflation.
Jefferson did not hint in his remarks whether he would support such a pause.
Many Fed officials are closely monitoring the impact of banks have been pulling back on lending for months and slightly accelerated that tightening in the wake of the bank failures.
If banks become more reluctant to lend, that could slow the economy and reduce the need for the Fed to lift its key rate.
Still, Jefferson said he expected little impact from the bank failures, saying they will likely have “a mild retardant effect” on the economy, though he added that it is “too early to tell.”