Follow a healthy diet to prevent colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in women and the third most common in men, but experts have confirmed that colorectal cancer is largely preventable, the German news agency said, citing the World Cancer Research Fund.
Colorectal cancer screening itself represents an “opportunity for timely intervention,” said David Liska, MD, a colorectal surgeon, and director of the Colorectal Cancer Center at the Cleveland Clinic, noting that improving a person’s lifestyle may help in the prevention of various cancers.
March is Bowel Cancer Awareness Month, and according to Qatar Primary Health Care, the annual event is an important opportunity to raise awareness about this type of cancer, its symptoms and associated risk factors, and the need for regular screening after age 50. Sexuality and awareness of the treatment options available to patients.
In a colonoscopy, benign or malignant tumors can be identified and removed before they cause any harm, experts say, stressing that breast, lung, or brain cancer cannot be prevented in the same way, nor can it be removed from the large intestine as Tumors can be removed from these organs as easily.
Most cases of colorectal cancer occur in people over the age of 50, but Dr. Liska noted that there has been a recent increase in the prevalence of younger patients, and said the researchers expected that this was due to — at least in part — – Poor diet and lack of exercise.
If a person develops any unusual symptoms, such as rectal bleeding, changes in bowel movements, or abdominal pain, they should not be ignored regardless of age or family history, and Liska urges anyone with any such symptoms to see a doctor.
Liska points out that colorectal cancer can be prevented by following five steps:
Step 1: Regular Inspection
Colorectal cancer stems from precancerous tumors or other precancerous lesions, and it takes about 10 years for adenomas to become cancerous, which is why colonoscopy allows doctors to find polyps, if they exist, and identify them, Dr. Liska said. Remove it before it becomes a problem.
Liska noted that colonoscopy is a safe and relatively unobtrusive procedure that usually takes about 30 minutes if polyp removal is not necessary, and patients should seek an experienced colonoscopy who knows how to identify polyps and is safest. The way it cuts it off, the whole experience is more relaxing than before, and in many cases, a conscious sedative is used.
Dr. Liska emphasized that starting at age 45, everyone should have regular colonoscopies or other recommended tests because the risk of colorectal cancer begins to increase from age 45, but those at higher risk, such as those with family People with a history of screening should discuss early initiation of screening with their doctor.
Liska explained: “With a family history, through a simple arithmetic process, we had to subtract 10 years from the age of the youngest relative with advanced polyps, so we had the age to start colonoscopy, and every 5 an inspection every year.”
Step 2: Follow a Colon-Friendly Diet
Your colorectal surgeon recommends eating more fruits, vegetables, bread, whole grains, nuts, and legumes, as these foods help reduce the risk of certain types of cancer and are associated with a healthy gut, and he also recommends limiting red Consumption of meat and processed or high-fat meat, which increases the risk of colon cancer, Liska added, alcohol is also a factor in cancer risk, and called for reducing or avoiding alcohol consumption.
Step 3: Maintain a healthy weight
Dr. Liska said the risk of colorectal cancer increased with weight and recommended that individuals regularly monitor their body mass index, which is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, noting that a BMI A score of 25 or higher may mean the person is at a higher risk of developing the disease.
Body mass index: less than 18.5 is underweight, 18.5-24.9 is normal, 25.0-29.9 is overweight, 30.0-34.9 is obese and greater than 35 is overweight
Step 4: Exercise regularly
Experts at the Cleveland Clinic recommend that individuals get 30 minutes of moderate exercise a day, at least five days a week, and say physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight, which may reduce the risk of cancer, and moderate-intensity exercise in healthy adults Examples include brisk walking and cycling.
Step 5: Avoid All Types of Smoking
Smoking increases the risk of colon cancer, according to Dr. Liska, who stresses the need to avoid smoking altogether.
In conclusion, we remind everyone that cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, but that up to 85% of colorectal cancers can be prevented or successfully treated if high-risk patients undergo colonoscopy.