Five ideas that promote sport as a space for mutual respect in childhood

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In recent years we have experienced a spectacular development of sport in its different aspects in our country. It began as an exclusive idea of ​​sport understood as high competition sport or spectacle sport to diversify into other forms: educational sport, leisure sport, recreational sport… We have gone from the idea that sport is something that only the most physically gifted can practice to sport as a right of all and to which we can access just by wanting it as long as we have in our environment the physical and material means to be able to practice it. For this reason, the commendable effort of the public powers to provide appropriate sports facilities and programs both for the school and for the rest of the population.

However, in this evolution a serious mistake has been made, due on the one hand to the lack of a sports culture and, on the other, to the implementation both at an educational and recreational level of sport in the image and likeness of federated or professional 스포츠중계, in such a way that practically all the structures that have been created for equipment and training programs have been made thinking exclusively of this sports model.

If we analyze the study plans of training centers such as the INEF or the Teacher Training Schools that specialize in Physical Education, we will realize that, despite the years that have passed, they suffer from the same defect: they it gives excessive importance to sport understood as a high-level sport and almost none to recreational sport or leisure sport. Although it is also true that for some time now the reform of the study plans has been studied and the polarization of the studies in a certain sense and its extension, therefore, to other areas, more in line with the interests and demands of today’s society.

It is also necessary to say that precisely one of the objectives of alternative games and sports is to present activities that do not need conventional facilities for their practice, preferably using the dirt patios of schools or nearby spaces such as parks, squares, etc.

  1. Historical synthesis

The modern movement known as Games and alternative sports began in our country approximately at the beginning of the 1990s through the INEF seminars in Madrid. At first it was called “Alternative Sports for the Year 2000”, remaining two years later with the name of Alternative Games and Sports. The intention of the seminar was to seek a renewal in school Physical Education programs and through them to make young people aware of new sports habits that would make the concept of Sport for All understood as participatory sport really possible in the future. that anyone can practice and that is used to enjoy free time.


The selected sports modalities had as common characteristics that of being sports of the so-called “for life” because they can be practiced at any age; “for family” because it allows children and adults to play together and “for free time” because they can be practiced at any time and place without having to use expensive infrastructures, adapting perfectly to any type, be it the playground of a center, the field or the beach, which in turn allows a greater approach of the practitioner to nature.

    The seminar that arose with the idea of ​​inquiring

About the new alternatives caught on and was widely accepted because it was adapted to the interests of the receptive society to the sports phenomenon with a more experiential, recreational and playful character.

This character acquires the value that corresponds to it within PE through Games and Alternative Sports with great educational, exercise and fun possibilities, enriching the contents of the curriculum.

Alternative games and sports introduce new sporting habits, giving more emphasis to the recreational aspects of relationships, cooperation and communication between people than to those related to competition.

    They are highly motivating activities that are close to the interests

Of the students due to their novelty, the striking nature of the materials and how easy it is to handle them. This aspect is very interesting because it keeps the person who practices them in constant movement, which will affect their bodily disposition towards physical activity.

3. Objectives of games and alternative sports

Once the field of action of alternative sports for all has been defined, we must indicate, as a preliminary step, the criteria that will clearly indicate the path to appropriately select the games and sports that best suit the current needs and interests of the population. . It must be said, with some exceptions or in the case of induced sport, that modern sport has been introduced in our country with purely subjective criteria, that is, when a person or institution was interested in making a sport modality known, it began to spread it through the social environment in which he moved, without there being other reasons for that activity.

It is extremely important that, before going in search of new sports modalities, the characteristics that future sports activities must have must be pointed out, setting objective criteria that help to investigate and select the best sports possibilities. These criteria would be the following:

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